Nepal Map

Nepal at a glance


Total population: 29 Million (2013)

Geography: Mountain, Hill and Terai

Rural and Remote: 85.8 % of people live in rural areas

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,500 U.S. (2013)

Ethnicity: 125 ethnic groups

Development regions: Eastern, Central, Western Mid-Western and Far Western with 14 Zones and 75 Districts


Mental Health in Brief



  • While there are examples of good, contemporary practice in the field of mental health care in Nepal, resources per capita are extremely low at just 0.014% of the total annual government health budget (which is 4% of the total budget).

  • Less than 1% of NGOs in Nepal are involved in the provision of mental health care.

  • Rural populations have major problems with access to and affordability of quality treatment.

  • Mental health problems are still a major stigma.

  • Key determinants of psychological morbidity in Nepal relate to the trauma and displacement as a result of conflict, family break-up due to migration for work, gender issues and socioeconomic status.

  • There are particular problems for women with high rates of domestic violence precipitating mental health problems.

  • Suicide is the highest morbidity for women of reproductive age.

  • Hazardous drug and alcohol use is very high.

Comparative data (OECD 2009)

Psychiatric beds per 100,000 

Nepal: 0.08   Australia 40

Psychiatrists per 100,000

Nepal: 0.12   Australia: 15

Psychiatric nurses per 100,000

Nepal: 0.08    Australia: 15.6

Psychologists per 100,000

Nepal: 0.08    Australia: 97

Social workers per 100,000

Nepal: 0.08     Australia: 86


Mental Health in Nepal


For an excellent coverage of information relating to mental health a recent desktop review of mental health status and services is recommended.


See the Nepal Earthquakes 2015: Desk Review of Existing Information with Relevance to Mental Health & Psychosocial Support 


Nepal Map