Nepal at a glance
Total population: 29 Million (2013)
Geography: Mountain, Hill and Terai
Rural and Remote: 85.8 % of people live in rural areas
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,500 U.S. (2013)
Ethnicity: 125 ethnic groups
Development regions: Eastern, Central, Western Mid-Western and Far Western with 14 Zones and 75 Districts
Mental Health in Brief
While there are examples of good, contemporary practice in the field of mental health care in Nepal, resources per capita are extremely low at just 0.014% of the total annual government health budget (which is 4% of the total budget).
Less than 1% of NGOs in Nepal are involved in the provision of mental health care.
Rural populations have major problems with access to and affordability of quality treatment.
Mental health problems are still a major stigma.
Key determinants of psychological morbidity in Nepal relate to the trauma and displacement as a result of conflict, family break-up due to migration for work, gender issues and socioeconomic status.
There are particular problems for women with high rates of domestic violence precipitating mental health problems.
Suicide is the highest morbidity for women of reproductive age.
Hazardous drug and alcohol use is very high.
Comparative data (OECD 2009)
Psychiatric beds per 100,000
Nepal: 0.08 Australia 40
Psychiatrists per 100,000
Nepal: 0.12 Australia: 15
Psychiatric nurses per 100,000
Nepal: 0.08 Australia: 15.6
Psychologists per 100,000
Nepal: 0.08 Australia: 97
Social workers per 100,000
Nepal: 0.08 Australia: 86
Mental Health in Nepal
For an excellent coverage of information relating to mental health a recent desktop review of mental health status and services is recommended.